Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, but the disease's affect on the retina is the main threat to vision. Most patients develop diabetic changes in the retina after approximately 20 years. The effect of diabetes on the eye is called diabetic retinopathy.
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Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness in older adults over the age of 50. Patients can report blurred or distorted vision, in which straight lines appear wavy. Another common complaint is shadows or missing areas of central vision.
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